Indonesia is a large country that consists of 17,000 islands, most of them are still covered in thick forests. This makes the country has one of the most remarkable biodiversities in the world. From endangered rhinoceros in West Jawa to cassowary in Papua, you can find exotic flora and fauna along the archipelago. Here are 7of best wildlife destinations you should put in your vacation list if you visit Indonesia.
#1.Tangkoko National Park – Sulawesi
This national park is the best spot to visit if you want to see the pygmy tarsiers. They are considered to be the smallest primate live on earth. Being located on the sprawling and large island of Sulawesi, the Tangkoko National Park is not only home for the pygmy tarsier but also the original habitat of the spectral tarsier. The primates are an object of research for many scientists since they were thought to have been extinct before rediscovered in 2008. The national park is also the home for other animals such as bear cuscus, Maleo fowl, macaques, pale dwarf squirrels, hornbills, and more.
#2. Tanjung Puting National Park – Central Kalimantan
Kalimantan or Borneo is one of the 5 biggest islands in Indonesia. Additionally, the island’s forest population is also considered to be the largest in the country. Tanjung Puting National Park which is located in the central region of the island is the home of wild orangutans. Many scientists come to this conservation area to learn these species in their natural environment. Being established in 1982, the national park is now inhabited by the largest orangutan population in the world. You will also be able to find other exotic flora and fauna such as gibbon, long-tailed macaques, clouded leopard, and more in this national park. To reach the national park, you need to take a two-story houseboat which is called “klotok” by local people. The standard package offered for the tourists includes 3 days and 2 nights sleeping as well as cruising up the Blackwater Rivers.
#3. Meru Betiri National Park, East Java
From the exotic Kalimantan Island, now we move to Java. This island should be included in your vacation list since it is also very popular with its incredible wildlife. Meru Betiri National Park in East Java is precisely located in Sukamade Beach. This is a conversation area for endangered turtles. Visiting the beach will make it possible for you to get a rare chance to observe distinct species of sea turtles when they are hatching and nesting. You will also get an opportunity to help the rangers to release the baby turtles back to their natural habitat in the sea. When observing the national park, you can also find some nice short treks that will lead you to Teluk Hijau. This is a beautiful beach which is surrounded by high cliffs. There are also adjoining jungles around the national park where you can spot deers, monkeys, and a wide range of beautiful birds.
#4. Lorentz National Park, Papua
Being located in West Papua, this national park is considered to be the largest in Southeast Asia. The park is sited on a tremendously large area and surrounded by distinctive kinds of nature. Visiting the conservation area, you will find glaciers, swamps, and jungle. The Lorentz National Park is truly a paradise of beautiful and exotic birds like cassowary and echidna. You need to be careful about what you do to the animals live in the park since the wildlife are highly protected. However, the national park is not supported with appropriate infrastructures for tourists.
#5. Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra
Talking about Sumatra, you might be reminded of endangered tigers which originally come from the island. So, when you visit Indonesia, make sure to come to Kerinci Seblat National Park to witness with your eyes the majestic tigers live on the island. Along with Bali tiger and Javan Tiger, the Sumatran tiger is most associated with Indonesia until the mid of 20th century. However, it is only Sumatran tiger species left now with only 500 of them live on the island. Make sure to join a night safari at the national park so that you will get an opportunity to see the elusive creatures. The Kerinci Seblat National Park comes with the most complete wildlife. Beside the Sumatran tigers, you will also find Sunda clouded leopard, Sumatran rhinoceros, and Sumatran elephant live in the national park.
#6. Gunung Leuser National Park, Sumatra
This is another national park in Sumatra that becomes a conservation area for orangutans. there are two rehabilitation centers (Ketambe and Bukit Lawang) established in the national park. They are used to rehabilitate orangutans that have been captured by a human. After a while, the orangutans will be released back into the jungle. Unlike Bukit Lawang which is open to the public and considered to be so people can spot orangutans, Ketambe is closed to the public. Many other animals inhabit Gunung Leuser National Park, include leopard cat, Sumatran serow, Sumatran tiger, rhinoceros, Sumatran tigers, and more. Not only mammals, but you can also find primate species too such as siamang and Thomas Leaf monkey. Meanwhile, Mount Leuser where the conservation area lies is also very popular for its scenic views. This is also a heaven for trekkers who are looking for activities to challenge their adrenaline.
#7. Ujung Kulon National Park, West Java When you visit Indonesia for vacation, make sure that you also come to Ujung Kulon National Park. This park is located in West Java and becomes a conversation area endangered one-horned Javan rhinoceros. It is estimated that there are only 60 of them left in the national park. That makes the one-horned Javan rhinoceros become one of the rarest species on the planet. Because of the species facing a serious extinction problem, they are well protected. This is to make sure that the rhinoceros can reach a healthy population once again. You will also be able to enjoy green areas of the national park. This will be one of the perfect places where you can take your children for vacation as well as teach them about natural wildlife.